Climate Change

Red Light, Green Light

Challenge:
How can we minimize the impact of the LRT on the major signalized intersections of the downtown core?
Lights

Lights

Student Names:
Kerianne Hagan, Jessica Middleton, Jedursha Thurappah, Peter Ivankovic, Alyson King

mcmaster-logo.png

Staff Member:
Kris Jacobson, Acting Director, LRT Project Coordination

Instructor:
Moataz Mahmoud

Course and Department:
Civil Engineering 4T04: Transportation Engineering II - Modelling Transit and ITS

Traffic simulation of projected data using Synchro 5

Traffic simulation of projected data using Synchro 5

Kerianne, Jessica, Jedursha, Peter and Alyson - Civil Engineering students at McMaster University, counted vehicles at the five major intersections of Catherine, John, James, MacNab and Bay. They then modelled construction drawings of the proposed layout and input their collected data using the Synchro 5 software. This optimized the traffic signals of the 5 intersections to give the LRT priority. 

Next they will generate suggestions to highlight the impacts of LRT and share these findings with community stakeholders. 

Rendering of LRT

Rendering of LRT

LRT B-line Map

LRT B-line Map

Corner of King and Wellington Street, Hamilton

Corner of King and Wellington Street, Hamilton

Anticipated Traffic Impacts of LRT on Hamilton-1.jpg

Growing Bridges: Improving Regional Food Security by Increasing Engagement at the McQuesten Urban Farm

Challenge:
What are the barriers that McQuesten residents experience when engaging with the McQuesten Urban Farm?

Students:
Muhammed Aydin, Katheleen Eva, Jethro Krause, Ikra Saeed

Staff:
Adam Watson: Project Manager, Neighbourhood Action Strategy   Jocelyn Strutt: Project Manager, Neighbourhood Action Strategy

Instructor:
Kate Whalen

Course and Department:
Sustainability 4S06: Leadership in Sustainability, Academic Sustainability Programs

Response to the question- “Is there something in particular that you’d like them to do at the farm to help engage you?” (Carrot = 2 persons) (Created by Ikra Saeed)

Response to the question- “Is there something in particular that you’d like them to do at the farm to help engage you?” (Carrot = 2 persons) (Created by Ikra Saeed)

A 2010 report highlights that 24 million individuals in North America alone live in a food desert, locations in which access to affordable, healthy food options are limited or nonexistent. Furthermore, many of these individuals were found to be of lower socioeconomic status. The McQuesten neighbourhood in Hamilton, Ontario has been perceived by its community members to be a food desert, with the closest grocery store being over a 20-minute walk away. The McQuesten Urban Farm was created with the purpose of building the capacity of the community, increasing food security, and reinforcing that everyone has a right to nutritious food. However, there is lower than anticipated engagement among community members. This project’s research will focus specifically on those that live within CityHousing Hamilton (CHH) and nearby Melvin Avenue apartment buildings.

Muhammed, Kathleen, Jethro and Ikra from the McMaster's program in Sustainability hosted conversations with local researchers and experts on food security and community engagementconducted surveys in the McQueensten neighbourhood in three CityHousing Hamilton including one high rise apartment community: 4 days, 281 doors, 76 resident interviews. They used this data to create hypothesis and implementation engagement strategies as well as a customer management tool and volunteer tracking management tool to improve data gathering. They then created and distributed improved marketing materials and research results to the local community. 

Next the students will integrate the tools created into the upcoming growing season at the McQuesten Urban Farm, so that data based decision making can continue to improve operations while exploring further partnerships through CityLAB to continue to increase engagement levels. 

Growing Bridges poster-1.jpg

Green Wave: Improving Travel Times Using Signal Timing Optimization

Challenge:
The challenge (and goal) is to identify and recommend signal timing improvements to improve vehicular corridor progression and reduce average delays
Students taking measurements

Students taking measurements

Students:
Ivan Balaban, Eric Bentzen-Bilkvist, Krystian Biernat, Sebastian Biernat, Nathaniel Booth, Andrew Brown, Elizabeth Di Tella, Ivan Drewnitski, Trina Fernandes, Dhaval Harpal, Jonathan Holmes, Shajin Jahan, Khang (Brian) Le, Rabin Maskey, Derek Napoli, Smit Vinodbhai Patel, Anil Kumar Pau, Padma Priya Prabha Haridas, Thair Shaqour, Christopher Toews, Brad Van Bendegem, Joshua Van Ravens, Dinesh Wagle, Mateusz Zalewski

Staff:
Jeff Cornwell, Project Manager, Traffic Signals, Roads & Traffic Division, Public Works

Instructor:
Sean Nix

mohawkCollegeLogoPrintVerticalColour.jpg

Course and Department:
TRAN 10000 (Traffic Engineering 4), School of Engineering Technology (Building and Construction Sciences)

Student taking notes in the field

Student taking notes in the field

Sections of Mohawk Road and Upper Paradise Road are currently under review to determine if improved efficiencies can be implemented with respect to signal times.

Students from the Mohawk College's School of Engineering Technology used the traffic modelling software (Sychro 10) provided by the City of Hamilton which assembles and distributes the turning movement counts (TMCs) and signal timing plans in order to study area intersections and analyze and implement traffic modelling. They also conducted field visits to validate TMCs, signal timing plans and (using a probe vehicle) travel time and delay through the two corridors and calibrated a traffic capacity analysis and vehicular progression model to existing conditions

Next the engineering students will prepare a “recommended scenario” traffic model containing signal timing parameters that will be recommended to improve vehicular corridor progression and reduce average delays as well as preparing a technical memorandum summarizing study process, findings and recommendations which will be presented to city staff. 

Google Street View at Mohawk and Upper Paradise Road

Google Street View at Mohawk and Upper Paradise Road

Green Wave Poster-1.jpg

School Site Design Study: Impact of School Site Paved Surface Area on Travel Mode Choice

Challenge:
Is there any relation between paved surface area of school sites and the modes of transportation used to get to school?
Observing the number of vehicles coming and going

Observing the number of vehicles coming and going

Students:
Mina Mahdavi, Kamaldeep Kaur

Staff Member:
Kelly Scott, Physical Activity Specialist, Healthy Environments Division, Healthy & Safe Communities Department

Instructor:
Gail Krantzburg

mcmaster-logo.png

Course and Department:
Thesis project, W. Booth School of Engineering and Practice

 

In the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA), there has been a steady decline in walking to and from school over the past 25 years, as children are increasingly dropped off and picked up by car. Data drawn from the 1986 to 2011 Transportation Tomorrow Survey shows that walking among 11 to 13 year olds in Hamilton has decreased from 58% in 1986 to 39% in 2011. This increase in car travel mode share to school in the GTHA, has added significant car traffic volume to roads during the morning peak period. Now schools are the second biggest car trip generator in the morning commute forming 22% of morning peak traffic, second only to workplaces, in the GTHA.

This project builds on the previous study “School Site Design and Travel Mode Choice: A Comparison of Objective and Subjective Measures of Walk ability of Schools in the Hamilton Area” completed February 2017.  The draft hypothesis for this project is “as the amount of school site motorized vehicle paved surface area increases so too does the use of motorized vehicles to the school site and surrounding streets”.  The information is intended to inform decisions about school site design that promotes the greatest mode share of walking and cycling, while reducing personal motorized vehicle use. 

  • Research indicates that there is a link between the built environment, and individual and population health
  • Sedentary behaviour and physical inactivity have been linked to an increased risk of chronic diseases
  • Travel by motorized vehicles (personal vehicles & school buses) negatively impacting pedestrian and cyclist safety
  • Motorized vehicles contribute to air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions that adversely impact respiratory and cardiac health
  • Availability of free parking and ‘kiss-and-rides” increases the use of motorized vehicles

Mina and Kamaldeep received ethics approval from the McMaster Research Ethics Office and the municipal school boards to observe 14 schools and collect data on the relationship between paved surfaces and modes of transportation. They will next interpret the data to determine relationships and provide recommendations for schools based on their findings. 

School Site Design Study-1.jpg